Hematochezia is commonly associated with lower gastrointestinal tract bleeding and is often confused with melena, which is caused by upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding. After hematochezia is detected and treated, recurrent bleeding can be prevented or at least reduced by changing one's lifestyle and eating habits.
Hematochezia is the technical term for passing stool with blood in it. It is distinguished from melena, passing dark, tarry stool which contains digested blood, and from bleeding around the anus, which causes bright red blood. In patients with hematochezia, the blood indicates that there is bleeding somewhere in the lower part of the intestinal.
Hematochezia as an acute and chronic lower gastrointestinal bleeding could be caused by diverticulosis, angiodysplasia, neoplasm, perianal disorders, Meckel's diverticulum, colitis (infectious and non-infectious) intussusception, and many others. Lower gastrointestinal bleeding mostly occurs in older age. Mortality caused by acute and chronic.
Abstract. The evaluation of the patient with hematochezia can be complex because of the broad differential diagnosis and the number of management strategies available. In this article, a simplified approach to the history and physical examination is presented, with management illustrated in a case-oriented manner.
Komplikasi Hematochezia. Jika tidak segera ditangani, hematochezia dapat menimbulkan komplikasi serius yang berakibat fatal, yaitu syok. Hematochezia juga dapat menimbulkan anemia, yang dapat membuat penderitanya merasakan gejala berupa lemas, detak jantung tak beraturan, dan sakit kepala.
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