Muktazilah - Muktazilah, Aliran Islam yang Mengutamakan Akal dalam Teologi

It is hardly likely that at this early stage of the movement the Mu'tazili doctrine, as it was to be formulated several decades later by Abu 'l-Hujayl, was already fully developed.

And it was precisely this problem that became, from Wasil's time on the crucial issue with which the Muʿtazilah and their adversaries grappled....

While inviting the reader to avail himself of these sources see Bibl.

Journal of the American Oriental Society.

Watt, The formative period of Islamic thought, Edinburgh 1973, 209-11.

Aliran Mu’tazilah (Sejarah, Tokoh Dan Ajaranya)

Artinya, mereka ingin mengeluarkan Hizbut Tahrir dari pergaulan masyarakat, dikucilkan dan bahkan dimusuhi oleh umat.

On the other hand, Mu'tazili theses have not remained the exclusive property of the school bearingqthis name.

This means essentially that, of necessity, He acts for a certain motive, towards a certain end, since otherwise His action would be a 'vain act' 'abatj ; now the vain act is, in itself, among the morally evil acts spontaneously acknowledged as such op.

It cannot be self-interest, since in this case too God is devoid of need.

Aliran Mu’tazilah (Sejarah, Tokoh Dan Ajaranya)

Description: The qur'an, moreover, states explicitly of God that 'vision does not comprehend Him' la tudrikuhu 'l-absaru, vi, 103.

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In the above quote, Justice 'Abd al-Jabbar emphatically mentioned that if there are two possible interpretations, both capable of resolving the apparent contradiction created by literal understanding of a verse, then the interpretation closer to the literal meaning should take precedence, for the relationship between the interpretations, close and distant, becomes muktazilah same as the literal understanding and the interpretation.
McDermott, The theology of al-Shaikh al-Mufid, Beirut 1978.
As a result of this, it is said, al-Ash'ari regarded the Mu'tazila as 'effeminate Kharijites" makjanitj al-kjawarijbecause, like the Kharijites, they consign the sinful Muslim to eternal Hell, without daring however, like them, to describe him explicitly as 'unbelieving'.

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